Author Topic: THE COLOR OF CORONAVIRUS: COVID-19 DEATHS BY RACE AND ETHNICITY IN THE U.S.  (Read 52 times)

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The novel coronavirus has claimed more than 120,000 American lives through June 23, according to officially reported statistics.  We know the race and ethnicity for 93% of these deaths.  The latest data reveals continued deep disparities by race, most dramatically for Black and Indigenous Americans.  Our ongoing Color of Coronavirus project monitors where the burden of this virus falls inequitably upon certain communities—to guide policy and community responses to these disproportionate COVID-19 deaths.

See our work cited in Forbes, CNN, NBC News, Vox, JAMA, Politico, Newsweek, AL JAZEERA, the Washington Post, The Hill, The Guardian, the New York Times and numerous other outlets. 
The APM Research Lab has independently compiled these mortality data for Washington, D. C.  and 45 states.  In addition, while the five outstanding states are not publicly posting their data by race and ethnicity, they must report death certificate data to the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics.  Although that data is lagged and has a high degree of suppression, we have included it in our latest release to capture what is known about all states.  (We have also used CDC data in place of Texas’ poor public reporting and to supplement Florida’s lack of reporting for Asian residents. )

The result is the most robust and up-to-date portrait of COVID-19 mortality by race available anywhere, with a lens on inequitable deaths.  This latest update shows Pacific Islanders in their own category in places where that data is available.  It also includes Utah and Wyoming, which have begun publicly reporting race data for their COVID-19 deaths. 

We’ve presented these statistics below as mortality rates expressed per 100,000; as total deaths experienced by group; and examined against the population share by state. 

KEY FINDINGS:
Overall, American death rates from COVID-19 data (aggregated across all states with available data and the District of Columbia) have reached new highs for all race groups:

1 in 1,500 Black Americans has died (or 65. 8 deaths per 100,000)

1 in 2,300 Indigenous Americans has died (or 43. 2 deaths per 100,000)

1 in 3,100 Pacific Islander Americans has died (or 32. 7 deaths per 100,000)

1 in 3,200 Latino Americans has died (or 31. 1 deaths per 100,000)

1 in 3,600 White Americans has died (or 28. 5 deaths per 100,000)

1 in 3,700 Asian Americans has died (or 27. 7 deaths per 100,000)

Black Americans continue to experience the highest overall mortality rates and the most widespread occurrence of disproportionate deaths.  Since we began reporting these data, the Black mortality rate across the U. S.  has never fallen below twice that of all other groups (excepting Indigenous Americans), revealing a durable pattern of disproportionality. 

The latest overall COVID-19 mortality rate for Black Americans is about 2. 3 times as high as the rate for Whites and Asians, about twice as high as the Latino and Pacific Islander rate, and 1. 5 times as high as the Indigenous rate.

Relative to White mortality rates, Black rates are most dramatically higher in the District of Columbia (6 times as high), Kansas (5 times), Wisconsin (5 times), Michigan (4 times) and Missouri (4 times).  In addition, Black mortality outpaces White mortality by about 3 times in Arkansas, Illinois, New York, South Carolina and Tennessee. 

Compared to their representation in the population, given what is known from available data:

Indigenous Americans are dying above their population share in Mississippi, Arizona and most dramatically, New Mexico.

Asian Americans are dying above their population share in Nevada.

Black Americans are dying above their population share in 29 states and Washington, D. C. 

Latino Americans are dying above their population share in Utah, Nebraska, New York, Wisconsin, Illinois and Tennessee.

White Americans are dying above their population share in Rhode Island, Connecticut, Maine, Idaho, Massachusetts, Oklahoma, Delaware, Nevada and Washington.

Pacific Islander Americans are dying above their population share in Utah and Arkansas.

If they had died of COVID-19 at the same rate as White Americans, at least 15,000 Black Americans, 1,500 Latino Americans and 250 Indigenous Americans would still be alive. 
EXAMINE RATES FOR YOUR STATE(S) OF INTEREST:
Review differing mortality rates for the District of Columbia or any state by changing the dropdown menu below.  Rates for Indigenous and Pacific Islander residents could only be calculated for some states.  Rates were calculated only when there were 10 or more deaths for a particular group.  Rates were not calculated for multiracial people, and those identified as “other” race.  Please see our complete data file for additional information.

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