African and European politicians are meeting in the Ghanaian capital Accra to discuss how to stem the illegal flow of African migrants to Europe.
One plan is to publicise in Africa the stories of hazardous journeys to Europe, in the hope of persuading would-be migrants to emigrate legally.
Another suggestion is to make it easier for Africans to get jobs legally.
In 2007, thousands of Africans died trying to enter the EU, either crossing the Sahara or travelling by boat.
"Last year, around 15,000 immigrants reached one of the gateways to Europe - Spain's Canary Islands - and about 12,000 made it to Italy," said Joe Rispoli of the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), which is launching the programme with the EU.
Thousands have died trying to reach Europe in rickety boats