is an English word that, as a verb, means "to have sexual intercourse". It is also a verb that means "to be cheated" ("I got F*uked by a scam artist"). As a noun it may describe a contemptible person (also F*uker) or a sexual partner. It can be used as an interjection, and its participle F*uking is sometimes used as a strong emphatic. The verb to F*uk may be used transitively or intransitively, and it appears in compounds, including F*uk off, F*uk up, and F*uk with. In less explicit usages (but still regarded as vulgar), F*uk can mean to mess around, or to deal with unfairly or harshly. In a phrase such as "don't give a F*uk", the word is the equivalent of "damn", in the sense of something having little value. In "what the F*uk", it serves as a meaningless intensive.
The word's use is considered obscene in polite circles, but may be common in informal and domestic situations. It is unclear whether the word has always been considered vulgar, and if not, when it first came to be used to describe (often in an extremely angry, hostile or belligerent manner) unpleasant circumstances or people in an intentionally offensive way, such as in the term motherF*uker, one of its more common usages in some parts of the English-speaking world.Etymology
The Oxford English Dictionary states that the ultimate etymology is uncertain, but that the word is "probably cognate" with a number of native Germanic words with meanings involving striking, rubbing, and having sex.Flen flyys and freris
The usually accepted first known occurrence is in code in a poem in a mixture of Latin and English composed some time before 1500. The poem, which satirizes the Carmelite friars of Cambridge, England, takes its title, "Flen flyys", from the first words of its opening line, Flen, flyys, and freris (= "Fleas, flies, and friars"). The line that contains F*uk reads Non sunt in coeli, quia gxddbov xxkxzt pg ifmk. Removing the substitution cipher on the phrase "gxddbov xxkxzt pg ifmk" yields non sunt in coeli, quia fvccant vvivys of heli, which translated means, "They are not in heaven because they F*uk wives of Ely" (fvccant is a fake Latin form). The phrase was coded likely because it accused some Church personnel of misbehaving; it is uncertain to what extent the word F*uk was considered acceptable at the time.John le F*uker
A man's name "John le F*uker" is said to be reported from AD 1278, but the report is doubtful: an email discussion on Linguist List says:
This name has been exhaustively argued over ... The "John le F*uker" reference first appears in Carl Buck's 1949 Indo-European dictionary. Buck does not supply a citation as to where he found the name. No one has subsequently found the manuscript in which it is alleged to have appeared. If the citation is genuine and not an error, it is most likely a spelling variant of "fulcher", meaning soldier.Anglo-Saxon
An Anglo-Saxon charter granted by Offa, king of Mercia, dated AD 772, granting land at Bexhill, Sussex to a bishop, includes the text:
?onne syndon ?a gauolland ?as utlandes into Bexlea in hiis locis qui appellantur hiis nominibus: on Berna hornan .iii. hida, on Wyrtlesham .i., on Ibbanhyrste .i., on Croghyrste .viii., on Hrigce .i., on Gyllingan .ii., on Fuccerham 7 and on Blacanbrocan .i., on Ikelesham .iii.;
Then the tax-lands of the outland belonging to Bexley are in these places which are called by these names: at Barnhorne 3 hides, at Wyrtlesham [Worsham farm near Bexhill ] 1, at Ibbanhyrst 1, at Crowhurst 8, at (Rye? The ridge north of Hastings?) 1, at Gillingham 2, at Fuccerham and at Blackbrook [may be Black Brooks in Westfield village just north of Hastings ] 1, at Icklesham 3.
The placename Fuccerham looks like either "the home (hām) of the F*uker or F*ukers" or "the enclosed pasture (hamm) of the F*uker or F*ukers", who may have been a once-notorious man, or a locally well-known stud male animal, or a group of such.Older etymologyVia Germanic
The word F*uk has probable cognates in other Germanic languages, such as German ficken (to F*uk); Dutch fokken (to strike, to beget); dialectal Norwegian fukka (to copulate), and dialectal Swedish fokka (to strike, to copulate) and fock (---).
This points to a possible etymology where Common Germanic fuk? comes from an Indo-European root meaning "to strike", cognate with non-Germanic words such as Latin pugnus "fist". By reverse application of Grimm's law, this hypothetical root has the form *pug?. In early Proto-Germanic the word was likely used at first as a slang or euphemistic replacement for an older word for intercourse, and then became the usual word for intercourse.
The original Indo-European root for to copulate is likely to be *h3yebh? or *h3eybh?, which is attested in Sanskrit यभति (yabhati), Russian ебать (yebat'), Polish jebać, and Serbian jebati, among others: compare the Greek verb οἴφω (o?phō) = "I have sex with", and the Greek noun Ζέφυρος (Z?phyros) (which references a Greek belief that the west wind Zephyrus caused pregnancy).Via Latin or Greek
* Other possible connections are to Latin fūtuere (almost exactly the same meaning as the English verb "to F*uk"); but it would have to be explained how the word reached Scandinavia from Roman contact, and how the t became k. From fūtuere came French foutre, Catalan fotre, Italian fottere, Romanian futere, vulgar peninsular Spanish follar and joder, and Portuguese foder. However, there is considerable doubt and no clear lineage for these derivations. These roots, even if cognates, are not the original Indo-European word for to copulate, but Wayland Young (who agrees that these words are related) argues that they derive from the Indo-European *bhu? or *bhug? ("be", "become"), or as causative "create" [see Young, 1964]. A possible intermediate might be a Latin 4th-declension verbal noun *fūtus, with possible meanings including "act of (pro)creating".
* A derivation from Latin facere = "to do", "to make" has been suggested.
* Greek phyō (φυω) has various meanings, including (of a man) "to beget", or (of a woman), "to give birth to". Its perfect tense pephyka (πεφυκα) has been likened to "F*uk" and its equivalents in other Germanic languages.False etymologies
One reason that the word F*uk is so hard to trace etymologically is that it was used far more extensively in common speech than in easily traceable written forms.
There are several urban-legend false etymologies postulating an acronymic origin for the word. None of these acronyms was ever heard before the 1960s, according to the authoritative lexicographical work, The F-Word, and thus are backronyms. In any event, the word F*uk has been in use far too long for some of these supposed origins to be possible. Some of these urban legends are:
* That the word F*uk came from Irish law. If a couple were caught committing adultery, they would be punished "For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge In the Nude", with "F*ukIN" written on the stocks above them to denote the crime.
* That it came from any of:
o "Fornication Under Carnal/Cardinal Knowledge"
o "Fornication Under [the] Control/Consent/Command of the King"
o "Fornication Under the Christian King"
o "False Use of Carnal Knowledge"
o "Felonious Use of Carnal Knowledge"
o "Felonious Unlawful Carnal Knowledge"
o "Full-On Unlawful Carnal Knowledge"
o "For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge"
o "Found Under Carnal Knowledge"
o "Found Unlawful Carnal Knowledge"
o "Forced Unlawful Carnal Knowledge", referring to the crime of rape.