Author Topic: MILITARY REGIME  (Read 7990 times)

Offline Prince

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« on: September 06, 2008, 08:30:47 PM »

Major General Augiyi Ironsi

Several factors both immediate and remote were jointly responsible for the depreciating turn of events that culminated in the breakdown of law and order and the first military intervention in Nigeria Politics.

At the time of the military intervention in January 1966, Major General J.T.U. Aguiyi Ironsi was the General Officer Commanding the Nigerian Army. At his request and to enable him to restore peace and order, the Acting President, (the substantive President B Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe being on leave) Dr. Nwafor Oziru agreed to transfer power to the Army, General Ironsi then became the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and Head of the Federal Military Government.

On assumption of office he immediately promulgated a decree whereby the offices of the President, the Prime Minister as well as the Parliament were all suspended. Furthermore General Ironsi suspended the constitution and appointed Military Governors for the regions; Lt. Col Hassan Usman Katsina for the North, Lt. Col Francis Fajuyi for the West, Lt. Col David Akpode Ejoor for the Mid-West and Lt. Col. Chukwuemeka Odumegu Ojukwu for the East. However, the Chief Justice, the judicial system, the Civil Service, the Nigeria police

Force as well as Special Constabulary force were to continue their normal functions. The expection Local Government and Native Authority Police which fell under the direct control of the Inspector General of Police.

General Ironsi also formed a nine man Supreme Military Council consisting of the four Military Governors, the Heads of the Navy, Air Force and Police and the Attorney General of the federation executive council was established. Both bodies were to assist general irons in running the government

In may 1966, General Ironsi's Government decided to review the constitution and a commission was appointed to examine the subject.Commissions were also set up to review the unification of the public services and Judiciary and to work out a new economic order.

On May 24, 1966, without waiting for the outcome of the review panel on the constitution, General Ironsi promulgated a decree- AThe Constitution (Suspension and modification), Decree. It abolished the Regions and created provinces out of them. The Regional Public Services were unified under a single Public Services Commission.

This declaration of a Unitary form of government provoked a lot of opposition from some sections of the country. For example it provoked a student's riot in Kano and this soon turned into a general riot (Araba) which spread to many parts of Northern Provinces between May 28 and 31. Many lives were lost.

On June 26, a tribunal was instituted to inquire into the many disturbances.

On July 29, what started like an army mutiny in Abeokuta resulted in a coup d'etat

in which General Ironsi, the Head of state and Lt-Col. Adekunle Fajuyi, Governor of the Western Region and some other ranks and file in the Nigerian Army were killed. General Ironsi's regime thus came to an end.

It is pertinent to mention some of the landmarks in General Ironsi's administration.

    i. The inauguration of the working party on Technical, Commercial and Vocational Education and Training in Lagos.

    ii The inauguration of the National Orientation Committee.

    iii. The inauguration of the working party on Statutory Corporations, State owned companies and related organizations in Nigeria.

    iv. The unification of the public and civil Services.

    v. The European Economic Community (EEC) agreement.

    vi. The Unitary Government Decree.


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« on: September 06, 2008, 08:30:47 PM »

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Offline rashikor

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« Reply #1 on: December 14, 2010, 07:24:48 AM »
The military regime introduced new domestic political restrictions.  In the security sphere, disarmament was defended.

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« Reply #1 on: December 14, 2010, 07:24:48 AM »