Author Topic: OYO AND BENIN  (Read 5795 times)

Offline Prince

  • Administrator
  • Honorable
  • *****
  • Posts: 32,948
  • Country: ng
  • Gender: Male
    • View Profile
OYO AND BENIN
« on: September 06, 2008, 08:41:17 PM »
During the 15th century Oyo and Benin surpassed Ife as political and economic powers, although Ife preserved its status as a religious center. Respect for the priestly functions of the oni of Ife was a crucial factor in the evolution of Yoruban culture. The Ife model of government was adapted at Oyo, where a member of its ruling dynasty controlled several smaller city-states. A state council (the Oyo Mesi) named the alafin (king) and acted as a check on his authority. Their capital city was situated about 100 km north of present-day Oyo. Unlike the forest-bound Yoruba kingdoms, Oyo was in the savanna and drew its military strength from its cavalry forces, which established hegemony over the adjacent Nupe and the Borgu kingdoms and thereby developed trade routes farther to the north.


Yorubaland established a community in the Edo-speaking area east of Ife before becoming a dependency of Ife at the beginning of the 14th century. By the 15th century it became an independent trading power, blocking Ife's access to the coastal ports as Oyo had cut off the mother city from the savanna. Political and religious authority resided in the oba (king) who according to tradition was descended from the Ife dynasty. Benin, which may have housed 100,000 inhabitants at its height, spread over twenty-five square km that were enclosed by three concentric rings of earthworks. By the late 15th century Benin was in contact with Portugal. At its apogee in the 16th and 17th centuries, Benin encompassed parts of southeastern Yorubaland and the western Igbo.

Advertisements


Nigerian Best Forum . NBF

OYO AND BENIN
« on: September 06, 2008, 08:41:17 PM »

Enter Your Email Below For Daily Jobs Updates, It's Free

100% Free


Offline Sheenor

  • Hero Member
  • **
  • Posts: 593
  • Country: ng
  • Gender: Male
  • Powerful Dreams Inspire Powerful Action. When you can taste, smell, and touch your dreams, you can enroll the world. The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.
  • OS:
  • Java Platform Micro Edition Java Platform Micro Edition
  • Browser:
  • Opera 9.80 (Opera Mini 4.3.14444) Opera 9.80 (Opera Mini 4.3.14444)
    • View Profile
  • Location: Kaduna
  • Profession: Computer Operator/Instructor
Re: OYO AND BENIN
« Reply #1 on: December 17, 2009, 05:30:19 PM »
o.k nah!
“Love is patient, love is kind, it isn’t jealous, it doesn’t
brag, it isn’t arrogant….”

Nigerian Best Forum . NBF

Re: OYO AND BENIN
« Reply #1 on: December 17, 2009, 05:30:19 PM »

 

ads

Enter Your Email Below For Daily Jobs Updates, It's Free

100% Free