Author Topic: What you didnt know!!!  (Read 3297 times)

Offline lolo Nigeria

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What you didnt know!!!
« on: August 18, 2015, 12:50:00 PM »
How much of Nigeria do you know about, yeah, okay, you can’t tell me that knowing the story of how General Sani Abacha died because he was poisoned by a woman with apple is Nigerian history, you tried sha but the real Nigerian story started years years ago, am talking about 5th century BC, that’s 500 Years before Christ.   Here’s how it all started out. 

In case you didn’t know our beautiful Nigeria has more historic cultures and empires than any other nation in Africa.   Okay, the first known tradition was the Nok culture which came from the northern part of Nigeria around 1000 BC and vanished under unknown circumstances around 300 AD according to Wikipedia, the north and north eastern kingdoms came after the Nok culture more than a millennium after. 

The first prominent Yoruba tribes were the Ife and Oyo empires, the Ife empire came before the Oyo empire, it’s still believed that the Ife people are descendants of Oduduwa and that Oranmiyan later on founded the Oyo empire which grew large and was able to control the region from the Niger to the west of Dahomey which is located in the present day Benin Republic. 

The most popular Nigerian kingdom is as far as I know the Benin kingdom, known for their vast collection of cast-metal sculptures although the Oyo empire was larger.   The Fulani and Sokoto people whom we all refer to now as Hausa’s had their own fair share of power tussle when sheikh Usman Dan Fodio and his sons led the holy war also known as jihad and this led to the establishment of the Fulani capital in Sokoto. 

The Oyibo’s came into the scene between the year1800 and 1900, the British actually started with the idea of prohibiting British citizens from engaging in the slave trade and this eventually led to the death of the Edo empire.   They annexed Lagos and then the oil River protectorate which is the south southern part of Nigeria now. 

In 1914 Lord John Lugard joined the Northern and southern part of the country and named it Nigeria.   This colonial period lasted till October 1st, 1960, Nigeria however attained complete control when she became a republic in 1963.   The country was split into three geopolitical regions, the western, eastern and northern region.   The civil war brought division and lasted for as long as 3years from 1966-1970, after the war the nation came back together and the military rule lasted for another 9 years. 

Baba Iyabo came into power following the death of General Murtala Mohammed in 1976, General Olusegun Obasanjo ended the military rule and a new constitution was created, this stage is generally referred to as Nigeria’s second republic. 

In 1993 general Ibrahim Bagangida aka IBB, promised to terminate the military rule, a promise that wasn’t fulfilled, the 12th June 1993 election was held and chief Moshood Abiola won.   IBB refused to step down and annulled the election, this caused a lot of wahala which led to his resignation that same year.   Earnest Shonekan took over but was unable to handle the situation until our very own General Sani Abacha on 17th Novemeber 1993, the following year chief Moshood Abiola declared himself president and went into hiding, he was caught and jailed till he died in 1998, that was how the Nigerian third republic ended

Following the death of General Abacha who still described as a military dictator, General Abdusalami Abubakar started the return of democratic rule in 1999, political activities resumed and the new constitution was similar to that of the second republic.   The April 1999 elections saw the former military head of state General Olusegun Obasanjo aka Baba Iyabo elected as president under the PDP political party, he was sworn in May 29th 1999, which is now Democracy day, a national holiday. 

The April 2007 elections were more shady as Umaru Yar’adua was elected president, following his death in 2010 his vice Goodluck Jonathan took charge and went ahead to win the 2011 election under the same political party pdp.   General Muhammadu Buhari won the march 28th general elections and is president till date, this particular election is still regarded as the fairest election of the 4th republic. 

So there you have it, the history of Nigeria, a summary of all the four republics and testimony of our strength as a Nation.   I think Lord Lugard knew exactly what he was doing when he amalgamated the two regions, Nigeria has this deadly beauty and in all the madness and crisis, I see a nation that has been through hell, still in hell but on the road to heaven.   Do you agree?

Image credit: 123rf, www.  lolo.  com.  ng

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What you didnt know!!!
« on: August 18, 2015, 12:50:00 PM »

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